How to see the documents covered in this guide?
Exactly how many are online?
1. Why utilize this guide?
Once you know of someone who received a Uk army medal or honor for the work of bravery, gallantry and for meritorious solution between 1854 and c1990 and also you desire to learn whether accurate documentation of this prize and exactly why it had been granted exist, this guide may be of good use. On the list of medals that are numerous honors included in the guide would be the:
For suggestions about civilian gallantry honors consult our Civilian gallantry medals guide. You can find separate records for the honor of campaign medals (granted solely for service) вЂ“ see our Army that is british campaign solution medals guide for advice on finding these.
2. The records of gallantry medals and prizes
2.1 Public notices
Just about all gallantry prizes to British nationals are publicly established within the government that is official, the London Gazette. This announcement that is public usually the only record that endures of a honor. Notices additionally appeared, where appropriate, when you look at the colonial or dominion gazettes.
2.2 suggestions and citations
A recommendation is just a statement that is full often given by a commanding officer, of why a medal should really be granted to a person.
A citation is a short statement that is official extracted from the suggestion, of why a medal had been granted.
Whether an archive of the citation or perhaps a suggestion survives depends, mainly, from the form of prize. Sometimes citations are posted within the London Gazette although not constantly during the date that is same the statement. A citation or suggestion may survive in the sometimes solution record associated with person.
For many medals you will find registers and listings of recipients covering a certain war, 12 months or selection of years.
3. What are documents
Find out where you can search for documents of a medal that is particular consulting the dining table below. The next basic advice will additionally help you to get started:
3.1 on the web records
In many cases, to see documents you need to find document sources and either purchase copies or check us out to look at the initial papers in individual. Listed here documents, but, can be looked at or downloaded on the web.
3.2 fundamental search strategies for finding documents that are original
You need to use our catalogue to look for documents. Re Search with all the title of the medal making use of the advanced level search to target the documents of this particular record divisions for every branch of this army, as follows.
3.3 Public notices and posted citations
In most situations, the best spot to begin may be the London Gazette, available in the Gazette web site, though for several medals a citation had not been posted (begin to see the dining table below for medal-by-medal details). You are able to search the Gazette by title, solution quantity, book type and date of prize. You shall need to find out approximately as soon as the prize ended up being announced or вЂgazettedвЂ™. There was clearly constantly a wait between your gallant deed, the real honor of the medal, and book within the London Gazette. The Gazette indexes available at The National Archives can help to establish a night out together.
3.4 guidelines, registers and citations that are unpublished
Check always posted sources, like those when you look at the further reading portion of this guide, before you begin a seek out records of guidelines or citations because they might provide precise document sources abdlmatch and extra information. The dining dining dining table below provides links towards the record series many prone to include info on specific honors.
3.5 dining dining Table of record sources for gallantry medals
Click the London Gazette links to find the Gazette by title, solution quantity, book date and kind of honor. Click the document show sources and search by title of medal. The records that are online be searched by name of receiver.
Footnotes: (1) guidelines in AIR 2 are arranged by old Air Ministry file guide quantity, maybe maybe not title. Contact the Ministry of Defence whom might be able to provide you with the file guide.
Be aware that medals given by the British Army weren’t granted solely to British Army soldiers вЂ“ they are often awarded to workers through the other services that are armed. Through the 2nd World War, as an example, some people in the Royal Air Force received British Army honors. Similar will also apply to the Royal Navy and RAF, in order for, as an example, amount of airmen of this Fleet Air Arm, a branch associated with Royal Navy, received RAF honors.
4. International honors to Britons and British prizes to servicemen that are foreign ladies (from 1854)
These prizes are usually announced within the London Gazette underneath the heading вЂForeign OrdersвЂ™.
For draft variations of London Gazette notices 1914-1928 browse WO 388 by guide. Some of those announcements that are pre-publication annotated. The papers in this show (WO 388) are arranged by country. WO 388/6 to 15, including indexes in WO 388/8 to 15, can be obtained to download online (you can install the indexes totally free).
Military honors exchanged between Uk and armies that are foreign 1946 onwards are searchable by title and honor when you look at the guidelines (WO 373) on line. These could consist of those maybe not showing up when you look at the London Gazette.
You’ll find some listings of international honors within FO 83 (before 1906) and FO 372 (after 1906). Choose files containing these listings with the Foreign workplace communication indexes in the National Archives. It really is thought that these listings aren’t comprehensive.
5. Laws and policy files (from 1854)
Generally speaking, you are able to search our catalogue because of the medal title or its abbreviation to see if you can find any policy files. There are many particular series which document the regulations regulating the honor of medals.
For policy files on medals, see series ADM 1 rule 85, ADM 116 rule 85, AIR 1, AIR 2, HO 45 rule 30, MT 9 rule 6, T 300 and T 333 and WO 32 code 50.
6. The manufacture and design of medals (1805-1986)
Purchases for gallantry medals (especially in the century that is 19th are followed closely by information on recipients and of the action that resulted in the honor. Decide to try show MINT 16, MINT 20, MINT 24 and MINT 25. Re Search our catalogue with key phrases such as вЂawardsвЂ™ or вЂdecorationsвЂ™.
7. Replacing and claiming medals
Contact the Ministry of Defence for campaign as well as other medals given after 1939. Medals released before 1939 can no more be replaced.
8. Further reading and other resources
Online language resources
The Ministry of DefenceвЂ™s Uk armed forces medals booklet, offered by GOV.UK. Listings the medals awarded for service when you look at the Uk military, associated with a picture for every medal.
Listings of Victoria Cross recipients announced within the Gazette when it comes to very first World War in 1914, 1915, 1916, 1917, 1918 and 1919.
Look at the National ArchivesвЂ™ bookshop for a variety of available magazines about british gallantry that is military. Every one of the publications here are available in The nationwide ArchivesвЂ™ Library for assessment at our building in Kew.
Peter Edwards Abbott and John Michael Allen Tamplin, British Gallantry honors (London, 1981)
Michael Maton, Honour The Recipents of international honors (Honiton: Token Publishing 2013)
William Spencer, Army Records for Family Historians (3nd edn, The nationwide Archives, 2008)